E-ISSN 2983-757X
 

Research Article

Online Publishing Date:
29 / 05 / 2024



Occurrence of Clinical Osteodystrophia fibrosa in Horses in Kaduna State, Nigeria

Rukaya Altine Nasiru , SNA Saidu , Kadima Kwem Bakau , Phillip Wayuta Mshelia , Richard Edeh , Kelvin Olutimilehin Jolayemi.


Abstract
Aim: Osteodystrophia fibrosa is known as nutritional secondary hyperparathyroidism which is considered a rare disease. This study aimed to determine the occurrence, serum biochemical, levels of calcium and phosphorus in the faeces, and phytate-oxalate levels in feeds. The clinical features along with the clinical parameters of the horses were evaluated.
Methods: Blood samples were collected for serum biochemical analysis and parathyroid hormone levels were evaluated using standard procedures.
Results: The clinical features of Osteodystrophia fibrosa observed were enlarged facial bone, poor body condition score, and lameness with an occurrence of 71.2% among sampled horses. The respiratory and pulse rates along with the body temperature of the clinically diseased horses were all within normal ranges and were not significant (p > 0.05). On haematology, no significant difference (p > 0.05) was observed in the evaluated parameters. The serum calcium of clinically diseased horses was significantly (p < 0.05) decreased in Zaria (2.47±0.03) and Sabon gari (2.24±0.02) when compared to non-clinically diseased. Phosphorus levels were not significantly different (p > 0.05) while parathyroid hormones of clinically diseased horses were significantly (p < 0.05) higher in Zaria (93.01±6.44) and Sabon gari (81.01±6.34) when compared to non-clinically diseased. The faecal calcium and phosphorous level were not significantly different (p > 0.05). Oxalate was found in Vossia cuspidate, phytate was recorded in corn bran and soya bean hull fed to the horses.
Conclusion: Osteodystrophia fibrosa exists in the study area and the nature of the horses’ feeds could predispose horses to the occurrence of the condition.

Key words: Bone disease, Equine, Kaduna, Mineral, Secondary hyperparathyroidism


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

RAN, SS, KKB, PWM, RE, Jolayemi KO, . Occurrence of Clinical Osteodystrophia fibrosa in Horses in Kaduna State, Nigeria. J Res Vet Sci. 2024; 3(1): 1-8. doi:10.5455/JRVS.20240501010505


Web Style

RAN, SS, KKB, PWM, RE, Jolayemi KO, . Occurrence of Clinical Osteodystrophia fibrosa in Horses in Kaduna State, Nigeria. https://www.wisdomgale.com/jrvs/?mno=199998 [Access: June 07, 2024]. doi:10.5455/JRVS.20240501010505


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

RAN, SS, KKB, PWM, RE, Jolayemi KO, . Occurrence of Clinical Osteodystrophia fibrosa in Horses in Kaduna State, Nigeria. J Res Vet Sci. 2024; 3(1): 1-8. doi:10.5455/JRVS.20240501010505



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

RAN, SS, KKB, PWM, RE, Jolayemi KO, . Occurrence of Clinical Osteodystrophia fibrosa in Horses in Kaduna State, Nigeria. J Res Vet Sci. (2024), [cited June 07, 2024]; 3(1): 1-8. doi:10.5455/JRVS.20240501010505



Harvard Style

, R. A. N., , S. S., , K. K. B., , P. W. M., , R. E., Jolayemi, K. O. & (2024) Occurrence of Clinical Osteodystrophia fibrosa in Horses in Kaduna State, Nigeria. J Res Vet Sci, 3 (1), 1-8. doi:10.5455/JRVS.20240501010505



Turabian Style

, Rukaya Altine Nasiru, SNA Saidu, Kadima Kwem Bakau, Phillip Wayuta Mshelia, Richard Edeh, Kelvin Olutimilehin Jolayemi, and . 2024. Occurrence of Clinical Osteodystrophia fibrosa in Horses in Kaduna State, Nigeria. Journal of Research in Veterinary Sciences, 3 (1), 1-8. doi:10.5455/JRVS.20240501010505



Chicago Style

, Rukaya Altine Nasiru, SNA Saidu, Kadima Kwem Bakau, Phillip Wayuta Mshelia, Richard Edeh, Kelvin Olutimilehin Jolayemi, and . "Occurrence of Clinical Osteodystrophia fibrosa in Horses in Kaduna State, Nigeria." Journal of Research in Veterinary Sciences 3 (2024), 1-8. doi:10.5455/JRVS.20240501010505



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

, Rukaya Altine Nasiru, SNA Saidu, Kadima Kwem Bakau, Phillip Wayuta Mshelia, Richard Edeh, Kelvin Olutimilehin Jolayemi, and . "Occurrence of Clinical Osteodystrophia fibrosa in Horses in Kaduna State, Nigeria." Journal of Research in Veterinary Sciences 3.1 (2024), 1-8. Print. doi:10.5455/JRVS.20240501010505



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

, R. A. N., , S. S., , K. K. B., , P. W. M., , R. E., Jolayemi, K. O. & (2024) Occurrence of Clinical Osteodystrophia fibrosa in Horses in Kaduna State, Nigeria. Journal of Research in Veterinary Sciences, 3 (1), 1-8. doi:10.5455/JRVS.20240501010505